Wednesday, May 11, 2022

"the glory and honor of the nations"

"There is some proper operation of the human whole [(universitatis)], to which the whole [(universitas)] of men in all their multitude is ordered; and neither one man,  nor one household, nor one neighborhood, nor one city, nor one particular kingdom is able to achieve this operation alone. . . .  And because this potency cannot be fully actualized at once by one man—nor by any of the particular communities distinguished above—it is necessary that there be a multitude in the human race, through which this whole [(tota)] potency might indeed be actualized; just as it is necessary that there be a multitude of generable things, so that the whole potency of prime matter might always be under act:  otherwise there would be separate potency, which is impossible."

     Dante, Monarchia 1.3.4, 8, as trans. Patrick M. Garner, "Thomas and Dante on the duo ultima hominis," The Thomist 75, no. 3 (July 2011):  421-422 (415-459).  Latin there and on p. 357-358 of the 1921 Società Dantesca Italiana critical edition of the Opere ed. Casella that I own.

Friday, May 6, 2022

Of earth and the heavens he makes one fatherland, [one] commonweal.

"soli polique patriam
unam facit rem publicam."

Of sole (soil) and pole he makes one fatherland, [one] republic.

     St. Fulbert of Chartres (d. 1029), Chorus novae Ierusalem. 
And another, earlier hymn?  (I have not yet had a chance to do the research.)  My thanks to Dr. Owen Ewald for his help with this.  I go my own (and rather idiosyncratically nonsensical) way, though, in suggesting—for the sake of a rhyme in English and to preserve that sense of πόλος"Of sole and pole," given that solum can mean not just soil, but "the sole of the foot or of a shoe" in the sense of that which stands on "the lowest part of a thing, the bottom, ground, base, foundation," and polus, more literally "the end of an axis, a pole," "the north" or "south pole" (Lewis & Short).

Saturday, April 30, 2022

Let the sweating reaper refresh himself with psalms

Van Gogh
"Let the ploughman gripping the plough-tail chant the Alleluia; let the sweating reaper divert himself with psalms; and let the vinedresser, while with a pruning-hook he prunes the errant vinesprig, chant something Davidic.  Let these be your songs [(carmina)]; these, as they say in common [speech], your love songs [(cantiones)]; these the whistl[ed tunes] of the shepherds; these your instruments of cultivation."

"Arator stivam tenens Alleluia cantet; sudans messor psalmis se avocet; et dum palmitem curvum tondet vinitor falce, aliquid Davidicum canat.  Haec sint vestra carmina; haec, ut vulgo aiunt, amatoriae cantiones:  haec pastorum sibilus; haec instrumenta culturae."

     6th-century monastic Rule of Tarn (Regula Tarnantensis Monasterii) 8 (PL 66, col. 981A), trans. Steve Perisho.  Delsalle, writing in 1961 (Lucien-René Delsalle, "Comparaison, datation, localisation relatives des règles monastiques de Saint Césaire d’Arles, Saint Ferréol d’Uzès et de la «Regula Tarnantensis Monasterii»," Augustiniana 11, no. 1/2 (1961): 24 (5–26)), gave a terminus a quo of 520 and a terminus ad quem of 573, but others (for example Georg Holzherr, Regula Ferioli:  ein Beitrag zur Entstehungsgeschichte und zur Sinndeutung der Benediktinerregel (Einsiedeln; Zürich; Köln:  Benziger Verlag, [1961]) and presumably (???) Fernando Villegas, "La «Regula Monasterii Tarnantensis»:  texte, sources et datation, Revue Bénédictine 84 (1974):  7-65) have dated it later, Katharina Hauschild and Michaela Pzicha, to the fourth quarter of the 6th century (Klosterregel von Tarnant (St. Ottilien, Oberbay:  EOS Verlag, 2012), apparently.  (Needless to say, I have not conducted this investigation in any depth.)

The cowl doesn't make a monk

"Cuculla non facit monachum."

     According to H. Leclercq, a common proverb.  DACL 2.2 (1910), sv Capuchon, col. 2132.  Thus was the gravity only later accorded to what had been originally a garment of the poor and exposed (col. 2128) made light of.  Cf. George Fox, and the undoubtedly many other (surely even antecedent) forms of the same basic takedown.

Calling the "land acknowledgement" bluff?

". . . Of course, decolonization finds its ultimate test in the actual return of land and waters to precontact Indigenous who yet have feet on the ground or paddles in the waves. . . ."

     Description of Decolonizing ecotheology:  indigenous and subaltern challenges, ed. S. Lily Mendoza and George Zachariah, Intersectionality and theology (Eugene, OR:  Pickwick Publications, 2022), italics mine.

Friday, April 29, 2022

Pray without ceasing

"he prays too little, who is accustomed only to pray at the times when he bends his knees."

"perparum namque orat, quisquis illo tantum tempore quo genua flectuntur orare consueuit."

     St. John Cassian, Conferences 10.14, trans. Gibson (NPNF, 2nd ser., vol. 11, p. ).  Latin:  CSEL 13, p. 308, ll. 2-3.

"the entire substance of Catholicism, with the exception of . . . the element of externality"

"Luther’s simple doctrine is that the specific embodiment of Deityinfinite subjectivity, that is true spirituality, Christis in no way present and actual in an outward form, but as essentially spiritual is obtained only in being reconciled to God, in faith and spiritual enjoyment. These two words express everything. That which this doctrine desiderates, is not the recognition of a sensuous object as God, nor even of something merely conceived, and which is not actual and present, but of a Reality that is not sensuous. This abrogation of externality [(Aueßerlichkeit)] imports the reconstruction of all the doctrines, and the reform of all the superstition into which the Church consistently wandered, and in which its spiritual life was dissipated. . . .  The Lutheran doctrine therefore involves the entire substance of Catholicism, with the exception of all that results from the element of externalityas far as the Catholic Church insists upon that externality."

     Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Lectures on the philosophy of history, trans. J. Sibree, 4.3.1 (GBWW 46 (1952), 349).  The German from the 3rd 1848 edition of the edition ed. Eduard Gans and Karl Hegel is here, on p. 500 of vol. 9.  The somewhat different German of the critical edition ed. Lasse is here, on p. 878 of vol. 9.2.
     There are, however, indications that Hegel was not yet advocating an isolation of subjectivity from objectivity.  Thus,

If [1] subjectivity be placed in feeling only, without [2] that objective side, we have the standpoint of the merely natural will.

And, not long before that

[1] the heart, the emotional part of man's spiritual nature, is recognized as that which can and ought to come into possession of [2] the truth, and [1] this subjectivity is the common property of all mankind.  Each has to accomplish the work of reconciliation [between them] in his own soul.  [1] Subjective spirit has to receive [2] the spirit of truth into itself, and give it a dwelling place there.  Thus, that absolute inwardness of soul which pertains to religion itself and freedom in the Church are both secured.  [1] Subjectivity therefore makes [2] the objective purport of Christianity, i.e., [2] the doctrine of the Church, its own.  In the Lutheran Church [1] the subjective feeling and the conviction of the individual is regarded as equally necessary with [2] the objective side of truth

(GBWW 46 (1952), 350).  Add to this all of the "merely"s (and such) of the preceding paragraphs.
     And yet, if you add all of those no. 2s back in (as you would have to after "in no way", "only", and "not"), you've clearly failed to appreciate the fact that Catholicism, too, insists (and in Luther's time insisted) upon those no. 1s as well.